Under Hungarian law, there are two forms of holding the position of a corporate officer. First and foremost, the corporate officer’s position should be held by a senior officer, and the title of the position depends on the form of the company. For instance, in the case of a limited liability company, the title of the senior officer is "managing director" (“ügyvezető”), while at the private limited company the corporate officer is the so-called chief executive officer (“vezérigazgató”).
General management tasks may be performed by one or several persons, or in the case of a private or public limited company – by a board of directors. The corporate officer must be of legal age and must have full legal capacity in the scope required for performing his functions. If the senior officer is a legal person, that legal person must designate a natural person to perform the functions of the senior officer in its name and on its behalf.
The senior officer manages the company under a personal service contract or under a contract of employment, as agreed with the company.
There are also special exclusion rules for corporate officers:
- any person who has been sentenced to imprisonment by final verdict for a crime may not be a senior officer until acquitted from the detrimental consequences of having a criminal record;
- person may not be a senior officer if he has been prohibited from practicing that profession;
- any person who has been prohibited by a final court order from practicing a profession may not serve as a senior officer of a legal person that is engaged in the activity indicated in the verdict;
- any person who has been prohibited from holding the office of a senior officer may not serve as a senior officer within the time period specified in the prohibition order;
- conflict of interest: a senior officer may not acquire any share in the capital of the company which is engaged in the pursuit of the same economic activity, as its main activity, as the company in which he or she is a corporate officer. The only exception to this rule is the of public limited company where such exclusion does not exist;
- disqualification: in special cases of liquidation procedures the court of registration disqualifies members or senior officer for 5 years.
The company’s supreme body may decide to appoint one or several managers (« cégvezető ») to assist the senior officers in their work. Managers perform their functions under a contract of employment. Managers are employees who direct the continuous operation of the company on the basis of the senior officer’s instructions.