India is not a party to the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters. However, India has executed bilateral treaties with various countries regarding reciprocity in enforcement of judgments and decrees. The enforcement of a foreign judgment in India depends on whether the foreign judgment is passed by a superior court in a reciprocating territory or by a court in a non-reciprocating territory. A party seeking enforcement of a decree of a court in a reciprocating territory is required to file execution proceedings in India while in the case of a decree from a non-reciprocating territory, a fresh suit has to be filed before the relevant court in India.
India is a signatory to the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, 1958 (New York Convention) as well as the Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards, 1927 (Geneva Convention). If a party receives a binding award from a country which is a signatory to the New York Convention or the Geneva Convention and the award is made in a territory which has been notified as a convention country by India, the award would then be enforceable in India.